No one wants to be a mortgage slave, particularly when you hit retirement. So what options do you have?
When you reach Preservation Age a myriad of choices opens up.
You can now access your super savings (subject to the rules, of course) without penalty.
For many retirees this will mean the chance to withdraw a lump sum in order to pay down or pay off the mortgage on the family home.
Which will probably bring a great sense of relief.
Given the 10th hike in official interest rates in as many months on March 7, some mortgages are becoming simply unaffordable.
But accessing super to reduce debt is not as simple a decision as it may sound. Sure the upsides of being debt free are obvious, but there can also be downsides if this reduces your access to funding should unforeseen circumstances arise. And then there can be unintended Age Pension consequences – both good and bad.
What are the rules?
Here’s how the main rules of super and Centrelink eligibility work for those thinking of using super funds to reduce their debt.
And how to ensure that your retirement income needs are met, including what this means for the Age Pension.
Your assets and income are used by Centrelink to assess your Age Pension eligibility. It’s great to see retirees who have worked hard and accumulated a great superannuation balance during their working years. But what if that results in you missing out on Age Pension payments as a result?
Sometimes we need to look at the bigger picture in order to assess our options.
A win for Jenny
Jenny is single, currently aged 67 and retired, with assessable assets of $615,000:
- Super: $530,000
- Bank: $40,000
- Car: $40,000
- Contents: $5,000
- Asset Total: $615,000
She has a mortgage of $160,000 which is causing her stress and starting to erode her regular income.
Under the Assets and Income tests, Jenny is eligible for a part Age Pension of $1,425 per annum (or $55 per fortnight) due to the value of her assets.
She asked Retirement Essentials if it would be smarter to repay her mortgage, using some of her superannuation, which reduces the value of her assets.
New Assets summary (if repaying mortgage from super):
- Super: $370,000 ($530,000 – $160,000 mortgage balance)
- Bank: $40,000
- Car: $40,000
- Contents: $5,000
- Asset Total: $455,000
- Mortgage now $0
Under the Income and Assets tests, Jenny is now eligible for an increased part Age Pension of $13,039 per annum (or $502 per fortnight), as the value of Jenny’s assessable assets has reduced.
Jenny’s assets have reduced from $615,000 to $455,000 after her mortgage is repaid from her super, reducing her super balance by $160,000.
She no longer has a mortgage to pay during her retirement years and has also increased her Age Pension payments from $55 per fortnight up to $502 per fortnight. That’s an increase of $447 every fortnight which equals $11,622 per year – without the stress of steadily increasing mortgage repayments.
Is there a downside?
What works in the example above won’t necessarily be the right solution for everyone. Remember last week we shared the story of Kumar and Carol and their access to an Age Pension which was achieved very differently. They decided to rollback Kumar’s super into accumulation mode as part of the younger spouse strategy.
Some retirees may be making more income from investments within their super, than they might save if they withdrew this super to pay down debt. In their case, what Jenny decided would not have been the best solution.
Pay off or pay down?
And then there is the decision of whether you actually want to pay off your mortgage – or reduce it to a manageable level. Or to nearly zero – say $1000 – which will keep the loan open. There are reasons why each of these three options might work better for you at certain times. If your mortgage includes an Equity Access facility (often called a redraw), reducing it rather than closing it might give you peace of mind because you have funds available if something unforeseen arises. Again, this will depend upon your Centrelink eligibility constraints, your ability to fund mortgage repayments and your risk tolerance. Alternatively, it could be that a two-stage reduction in your mortgage will work better as other assets decrease in value.
Need more support?
As you will have realised by now, there is no simple yes/no answer as to the effectiveness of using money from super to reduce debt. Sometimes it’s a great solution, but not always. It’s possible, however, to plan ahead to most effectively structure your financial assets taking into account Centrelink’s Assets Test treatment of superannuation.
Want to better understand the super versus mortgage strategy options?
Then why not allow one of Retirement Essentials experienced advisers run through all the consequences for your personal situation during a tailored advice consultation.